In Achilles tendonitis, the tendon is inflamed, usually as a result of high impact sports such as running, jumping and uphill acceleration.
The tendon can also become inflamed when the calf muscle is tight or if the calf muscle is weak. The Achilles tendon is located at the base of the calf muscle above the heel.
It connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon raises the heel during walking. Symptoms of this injury include pain during or after activity, stiffness at its location and weakness in the calf. The patient will have difficulty and pain with toe rising.
Physical Therapy Treatment Plan: After careful evaluation by the physical therapist, the first step in treating this condition is to reduce pain and inflammation. Treatments may include ice, electrical stimulation, iontophoresis, phonophoresis, and massage. Your physician may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications or you may receive a local steroid injection.
In physical therapy, gentle stretching, strengthening and range of motion exercises will be added as you are able.
After your initial prescription for physical therapy is completed, your physician and physical therapist will decide if you need to continue physical therapy or if you will be discharged to a home exercise program.
This information is provided as a learning resource for the benefit of our patients. It is NOT INTENDED to replace personal consultation with your medical professionals.