In cervical strain/sprain, the ligaments and muscles in the back of the neck are injured. This could be a result of motor vehicle or diving accidents, contact sports, or falls. The neck is forced into an extreme position of forward or backward bending causing damage to the soft tissues (the muscle and ligaments). Signs of this condition include pain in the back of the neck that worsens with movement, possible neck muscle spasms, headaches in the back of the neck, pain that peaks a day or so after the injury, numbness or tingling in the hands/arms, stiffness and loss of motion in the neck.
Physical Therapy Treatment Plan: After careful evaluation by the physical therapist, the first step in treating this condition is to reduce pain and inflammation.
Treatments include: ice/heat, electric stimulation, TENS, ultrasound and massage. Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises, including isometric exercises will be added gradually.
After your initial prescription for physical therapy is completed, your physician and physical therapist will decide if you need to continue physical therapy or if you will be discharged to a home exercise program.
This information is provided as a learning resource for the benefit of our patients. It is NOT INTENDED to replace personal consultation with your medical professionals.
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