The meniscus is the cartilage between the bones of the knee. It is a wedge shaped cushion shaped like the letter “C” where the major bones of your leg connect. A strong meniscus helps the knee joint carry weight, glide, and turn in many directions. The meniscus can be torn in several ways. The most common is a twisting injury. In older people, the meniscus will weaken and degenerate. The signs of a meniscal tear are pain along the inside or outside of the knee, a locking when bending or straightening the knee, swelling, and stiffness. You may experience a “popping” sensation when you tear the meniscus.
Physical Therapy Treatment Plan: After careful evaluation by the physical therapist, the first step in treating this condition is to reduce pain and inflammation.
Treatments may include resting, ice, electrical stimulation, iontophoresis, and phonophoresis. Stretching and strengthening exercises will be added as you are able. If the knee is locking and cannot be straightened out, surgery may be necessary.
After your initial prescription for physical therapy is completed, your physician and physical therapist will decide if you need to continue physical therapy or if you will be discharged to a home exercise program.
This information is provided as a learning resource for the benefit of our patients. It is NOT INTENDED to replace personal consultation with your medical professionals.